Reporting Resources

This new page is dedicated to resources developed by our journalism students to support their coverage of seminary events and personnel.  The first entry is dedicated to the rules of various sports our seminarians play and with which a reporter needs to be familiar before attending and covering a given game.

Indoor Soccer
Also knows as futsal, showgol, futbol 5, fast football and mini football

Indoor soccer is an adaption of that popular sport, soccer, for indoor little fields with tiny goals and small teams.  The time of the game is short, too: a match takes one hour, and it can be divided into quarters or middles.  It is a speedy and difficult game, especially because the field is surrounded by walls that don't let the ball go away during the match, taking out the rest time between moves.  This is a point in common with ice hockey!

The game consists in scoring the opposite goal with a little soccer ball that cannot be touched with hands or arms.  Usually, the players use their feet and legs to move, pass and shoot the ball during the game, but it is common to see some players using the head or chest for some moves.

It is forbidden to catch the ball and hide it from other players.  Each time that a team scores in the contrary goal one point is added to the scoreboard that is impossible to lose.  In some countries, scores from a long distance add two or three points, and in others it is forbidden to score a goal from far away without the contact of one of the opposite players.  The winner of the match is the team with more points on the scoreboard at the end of the game.

Each team had less than seven players.  Usually, and in professional circuits, each team uses five or six players with substitute players.  In some places, one of the players is the goalkeeper whose intent is to keep safe the goal from opposite strikes.

In case of aggressive actions, the referee stops the ball and the victim's team receives the ball possession and the possibility to kick freely to the goal.  This is why it's called a "free kick."  When these aggressive actions happen in the goal area, the referee stops the game and gives to the victim team a penalty kick: a free kick near the goal where there is only one of the opposite players who keeps the goal.

The result of the match depends on the talent of the teams, and this is the sum of the players' skills and energies, teamwork and strategy.

A good journalist must know that the comments that people read about indoor soccer talk about great moves and goals, player's skills and aggressive actions!  Of course, the photos people are looking for are about goals and the popular team photo!

Developed by Nicolas Facile
Sources: and the experience of the reporter


The sport of volleyball has taken on a new look since its start in the Summer Olympics of 1964.  More and more schools, clubs, and recreation activity committees have taken on this sport.  The rules of such a sport can be somewhat complex and a little complicated but for the most part it goes as follows.  In a traditional indoor game that consists of two opposing teams of six players:

1. A player on one of teams begins a "rally" by serving the ball (tossing or releasing it and then hitting it with a hand or arm) from behind the back boundary line of the court, over the net, and into the receiving team's court.

2. The receiving team must not let the ball touch the ground within their court.

3. The team may touch the ball up to 3 times but individual players may not touch the ball twice consecutively.  Typically, the first two touches are used to set up for an attack, an attempt to direct the ball back over the net in such a way that the serving team in unable to prevent it from being grounded in their court.  Once the ball touches ground (whether the ball lands in bounds or out) the point is over.

The team that gets to 30 points first wins the set.  There are five sets in a match, and the first team who wins three of the five wins the match.

Developed by Frank Villanueva
Sources: and the experience of the reporter

Table Tennis / Ping-Pong

To enjoy any sport, we have to learn and understand the rules of the game at first.  Ping-Pong is no different.  As with most other sports, Ping-Pong needs tools to play a game.  The basic tools are rackets, balls, a net, and a table.  Of course there are people, clothes, and some convenient supplements to enjoy the game too.

Basically, we should know how to earn a point from the battle on the table.  First, it can be played by two or four players.  According to the official Table Tennis Federation rules, we have to decide who serves first by lot by flipping a coin, drawing a straw, etc.  The winner gets to choose whether to serve first or which side he or she wants.  However, in most recreational ping-pong games, the serve is determined by a quick rally.

Second, the ball should be tossed out of your free hand vertically a minimum of 16cm, and then hit with a racket so that it first hits your side of the table once and then goes over the net and hits your opponent's side.  The serve switches every two points.  After the ball arrives and bounces in the other side, your opponent should return the ball over the net without bouncing on his side.  If the ball could not get over the net or is off the table without bouncing on your side, you earn a point.  Otherwise, if the ball is still in play, you must return it.

Third, according to official rules, the winner reaches 11 points first with alternating serving every two points except the tie game.  If the game is tied like 10-10, one must be ahead by two points.  Furthermore, a player should win two out of three games and switch sides after each game.  In the third game (if it is necessary), when one player gets five points, they switch sides.

Finally, you have to develop a high level of skill such as a strong backhand and forehand for smashing or spinning the ball.  As well, there is a killer serve with high forward and backward spin.  However, the most important thing for the game is to enjoy it!

Developed by Brother Marinus Kim, OSB
Sources: and the experience of the reporter

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